Below are a list of the statistics used in the National Teen Driver Safety Week 2020 materials and their sources.

“Road crashes are the second-leading cause of death among young people in Canada. Young people are killed in crashes at a higher rate than any other age group under 80 years old.”
Yao, X., Skinner, R., McFaull, S., & Thompson, W. (2019). At-a-glance – 2015 injury deaths in Canada. Aperçu – Décès attribuables à des blessures au Canada en 2015. Health promotion and chronic disease prevention in Canada: research, policy and practice39(6-7), 225–231. https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.39.6/7.03

“Young drivers (ages 16 to 24) killed in a collision are more likely to be speeding at the time of the crash than other age groups.”
TIRF. (2018). Collisions Among Fatally Injured Drivers of Different Age Groups, 2000-2014. http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Collisions-Among-Fatally-Injured-Drivers-of-Different-Age-Groups-2000-2014-7.pdf.

“People choose to speed for different reasons, including the rush experienced when speeding, because they’re running late, or because they think the speed limit is too low.”
Transport Canada. (2007). Driver Attitude to Speeding and Speed Management: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study – Final Report.https://tc.canada.ca/sites/default/files/migrated/tp14756e.pdf

“Speeding is a factor in one third of teen driver deaths in Canada.”
TIRF. (2015). Trends Among Fatally Injured Teen Drivers, 2000-2012https://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Trends-Among-Fatally-Injured-Teen-Drivers-2000-2012_11_V6.pdf

“Teens are more likely to speed when other teens are with them in the vehicle.”
Ferguson, S. A. (2013). Speeding-related fatal crashes among teen drivers and opportunities for reducing the risks. Governors Highway Safety Association. https://www.ghsa.org/sites/default/files/2016-11/GHSA Teen SpeedingFinal.pdf.

“The faster your speed, the more likely you are to be involved in a crash.”
World Health Organization. (2008). Speed management: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners.https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/speed-management-a-road-safety-manual-for-decision-makers-and-practitioners

“Crashes at higher speeds cause more severe injuries than crashes at lower speeds.”
World Health Organization. (2008). Speed management: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners.https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/speed-management-a-road-safety-manual-for-decision-makers-and-practitioners

“With each increase of 1 km/h, the risk of pedestrian fatality and serious injury during a collision increases. At 50 km/h impact, the risk of a pedestrian dying is 29 per cent: almost six times what it is at 30 km/h.”
Hussain, Q., Feng, H., Grzebieta, R., Brijs, T., & Olivier, J. (2019). The relationship between impact speed and the probability of pedestrian fatality during a vehicle-pedestrian crash: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 129, 241-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2019.05.033

“More than 20 per cent of deadly car crashes in Canada involve speeding.”
CCMTA. (2013). Road Safety Vision 2010 – Final Report. https://ccmta.ca/en/road-safety-vision-2010-final-report

“As your speed increases, your chances of avoiding a collision decrease.”
World Health Organization. (2008). Speed management: a road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners.https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/speed-management-a-road-safety-manual-for-decision-makers-and-practitioners

“Cannabis impairs your ability to drive by affecting your balance and co-ordination, motor skills, attention, judgment, reaction time and decision-making skills”
Government of Canada. (2020, February 18). Don’t Drive Highhttps://www.canada.ca/en/campaign/don-t-drive-high.html.

“19% of youth said they have driven within four hours of using cannabis.”
Parachute. (2019). Cannabis Attitudes Survey Report. Unpublished.

“35% of youth have been a passenger with a driver who used cannabis in the previous four hours.”
Parachute. (2019). Cannabis Attitudes Survey Report. Unpublished.

“Motor vehicle crashes are the second-leading cause of death among 16 to 25-year-olds, and alcohol is a factor in almost half of those crashes.”
Brown, S. W., Vanlaar, W. G. M., & Robertson, R. D. (2017). Alcohol and Drug-Crash Problem in Canada 2015 Report. Ottawa, ON: The Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canadahttps://ccmta.ca/images/publications/pdf/2015_Alcohol_and_Drug_Crash_Problem_Report.FINAL_EN.pdf

“One third of Canadians who say they’ve driven impaired do most of their drinking with close friends, partners or family members.”
TIRF. (2018). Road Safety Monitor 2018: Drinking and Driving in Canada. http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/RSM-Drinking-and-Driving-in-Canada-2018-11.pdf.

“Drivers who text while driving are up to six times more likely to be involved in a crash.”
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety: Owens, J.M., Dingus, T.A., Guo, F., Fang, Y., Perez, M. & McClafferty, J. (2018). Crash Risk of Cell Phone Use While Driving: A Case – Crossover Analysis of Naturalistic Driving Data. https://aaafoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/CellPhoneCrashRisk_FINAL.pdf

“The risk of a crash increases when you take your eyes and attention off the road, even just for a second.”
Transport Canada. (2019 Feb). Distracted driving. https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/stay-safe-when-driving/distracted-driving

“Trespassing is illegal and it’s a leading factor in railway-related deaths and injuries. In 2018, 50 per cent of all rail incidents involving trespassers were fatal and over 40 per cent resulted in serious injury.”
Transportation Safety Board of Canada. (2019). Rail transportation occurrences in 2018. https://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/stats/rail/2018/sser-ssro-2018.html

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