Below are a list of the statistics used in the National Teen Driver Safety Week 2019 materials and their sources.

“Youth represent the largest number of drivers who test positive for drugs after a fatal crash”
Government of Canada. (2019 Jan). Drug-impaired driving. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/services/policing/police/community-safety-policing/impaired-driving/drug-impaired-driving.html.

“32 per cent of fatally injured drivers aged 16 to 19 tested positive for marijuana”
TIRF. (2018). Marijuana Use Among Drivers in Canada, 2000-2015. Retrieved from http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Marijuana-Use-Among-Drivers-in-Canada-2000-2015-7.pdf.

“One in three youth say they’ve ridden in a car driven by someone under the influence of cannabis”
Government of Canada. (2019 Jan). Drug-impaired driving. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/services/policing/police/community-safety-policing/impaired-driving/drug-impaired-driving.html.

22 per cent of youth who have used cannabis say they have driven while under the influence, with the majority saying they don’t believe it is as dangerous as drunk driving”
Government of Canada. (2019 Jan). Drug-impaired driving. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/services/policing/police/community-safety-policing/impaired-driving/drug-impaired-driving.html.

“Half of cannabis users don’t believe that drugs affect their driving”
Government of Canada. (2019 May). Don’t Drive High. Your life can change in an instant: Fast facts about drug-impaired driving (DID). Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/services/policing/police/community-safety-policing/impaired-driving/drug-impaired-driving/infographic-01.html.

“The number of Canadian drivers killed in car crashes who test positive for drugs now exceeds the number who test positive for alcohol”
Government of Canada. (2019 Jan). Drug-impaired driving. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/services/policing/police/community-safety-policing/impaired-driving/drug-impaired-driving.html.

“In addition to better road system design, effective prevention includes enforcement, policies regulating the marketing, price and physical availability of substances, and access to available, affordable, and safe alternative transportation”
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2018). Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities: A Comprehensive Approach to a Persistent Problem. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.17226/24951.

“Young people have the highest rate of traffic death and injury among all age groups”
MADD Canada. (2018). Youth and Impaired Driving. Retrieved from https://madd.ca/pages/impaired-driving/overview/youth-and-impaired-driving/.

TIRF. (2018). Collisions among Fatally Injured Drivers of Different Age Groups, 2000-2014. Retrieved fromhttps://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Collisions-Among-Fatally-Injured-Drivers-of-Different-Age-Groups-2000-2014-7.pdf

“Nearly one third of teens don’t consider driving while high on cannabis to be as bad as alcohol”
Drug Free Kids Canada. Impaired is Impaired. Retrieved from https://www.drugfreekidscanada.org/prevention/drugs-and-driving/. Statistics originally retrieved from: Partnership for a Drug-Free Canada, Audience Insights & Vision Critical. (2015). Online National Tracking Survey.

“11% of 13 to 18 year olds and 23% of 19 to 24 year olds report driving while under the influence of cannabis”
Health Canada. (2016). Baseline Survey on Awareness, Knowledge and Behaviour Associated with Recreational Use of Marijuana. Findings provided to Parachute by CCSA.

“Cannabis impairs your ability to control your speed, maintain a proper following distance, stay in your lane, and causes you to react slower”
TIRF. (2018). Road Safety Monitor 2017: Drugs & Driving in Canada. Retrieved from: http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/RSM-Drugs-and-Driving-in-Canada-2017-9.pdf.

“1.4 million Canadians aged 15 and over have been in the car with a driver who used cannabis within the last two hours”
Statistics Canada. (2018). National Cannabis Survey. Retrieved from: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/180809/dq180809a-eng.htm.

“A drug-impaired driving incident is recorded every three hours in Canada”
Government of Canada. (2019 May). Don’t Drive High. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/campaign/don-t-drive-high.html.

“If you drive after using cannabis, you double your risk of crashing”
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. (2016). Drug-Impaired Driving in Canada: Educator Toolkit. Retrieved from https://ccsa.ca/sites/default/files/2019-04/CCSA-Drug-Impaired-Driving-Toolkit-Facts-2016-en.pdf

TIRF. (2018). Marijuana Use Among Drivers in Canada, 2000-2015. Retrieved from https://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Marijuana-Use-Among-Drivers-in-Canada-2000-2015-7.pdf

“Teens between 16 and 19 years old account for 23% of fatalities, 18% of injuries and 11%  of those arrested for alcohol-related driving offences”
Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (2019 May). Impaired Driving. Retrieved from http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en/gazette/impaired-driving.

“More than one third of grades 9 to 12 students report riding with a driver who had been drinking”
Minaker et al. (2017). Under the influence: examination of prevalence and correlates of alcohol and marijuana consumption in relation to youth driving and passenger behaviours in Canada. A cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open 5(2). doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20160168.

“A large percentage of drinking drivers drink in the presence of close friends or family members”
TIRF. (2018). Road Safety Monitor 2018: Drinking and Driving in Canada. Retrieved from http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/RSM-Drinking-and-Driving-in-Canada-2018-11.pdf.

“Drivers who text while driving are up to eight times more likely to be involved in a crash”
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety: Owens, J.M., Dingus, T.A., Guo, F., Fang, Y., Perez, M. & McClafferty, J. (2018). Crash Risk of Cell Phone Use While Driving: A Case – Crossover Analysis of Naturalistic Driving Data

“Canadians believe texting while driving is one of the biggest threats to their safety on the road”
Canadian Automobile Association. (2018). Distracted Driving. Retrieved from https://www.caa.ca/distracted-driving/. *Results based on a survey of 2,003 Canadians.

“The risk of a crash increases when you take your eyes off the road, even just for a second”
 Transport Canada. (2019 Feb). Distracted driving. Retrieved from https://www.tc.gc.ca/en/services/road/stay-safe-when-driving/distracted-driving.html.

“Speeding is a factor in one third of teen driver deaths in Canada”
 TIRF. (2018). Collisions Among Fatally Injured Drivers of Different Age Groups, 2000-2014. Retrieved from http://tirf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Collisions-Among-Fatally-Injured-Drivers-of-Different-Age-Groups-2000-2014-7.pdf.

“A five-per-cent reduction in average speed can reduce fatalities by 30 per cent”
 World Health Organization. (2018). Global Status Report on Road Safety. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2018/en/.

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